Key Points

  • Critical minerals are essential to modern technology and energy production, particularly for clean energy and semiconductors.
  • Despite their importance to the global economy, the critical minerals supply chain faces major bottlenecks due to reliance on adversarial foreign nations with few environmental protections, in addition to significant barriers to utilizing our own domestic supply. 
  • Although critical minerals are found worldwide, their concentration varies substantially, with Montana hosting some of the most significant deposits in the world.
  • While Montana is uniquely positioned to become a major contributor to the critical minerals supply chain, major barriers, such as energy availability and onerous permitting processes, may impede this development.
  • By implementing reforms, Montana can transform into a hub for critical minerals and the companies that utilize them, create new jobs, unleash economic growth, and allow us to reclaim our status as America’s Treasure State.